Grease stains on clothes can be a real nuisance, and getting rid of them isn’t always easy. But don’t worry – there are some simple solutions to help you get the grease out of your clothing! With the right knowledge and materials, you can have your clothes looking good as new in no time. In this article, we’ll discuss how to remove grease from fabric quickly and effectively so that you can keep all of your garments looking their best.
The first step is understanding what type of stain you’re dealing with. Different types of fabrics require different methods for removing grease stains, so it’s important to identify the material before treating it. Once you’ve determined what kind of fabric it is, then you’ll know which cleaning agents will work best for eliminating the grease spot. We’ll also give tips about pre-treating techniques that may help loosen up stubborn grease spots or set-in stains.
Finally, after learning these steps and applying them correctly, you should see an improvement in your stained garment. You won’t need any special products or tools – just some everyday household items like soap, detergent, vinegar or baking soda will do the trick! So let’s dive into the details and learn more about how to get those pesky greasy marks out once and for all!
Definition Of Grease Stain
A grease stain is a stubborn type of mark that can be difficult to remove from clothing. It results when cooking oil, butter, lard or other fatty substances come into contact with fabric. Grease stains are especially common on shirts and pants worn while cooking in the kitchen.
It’s important to act quickly when dealing with grease stains as they will become more difficult to remove if left for too long. The sooner you begin attempting removal, the better your chances are of getting rid of it completely. Understanding how a grease stain works can help you decide which techniques are best suited for removing it from your clothes.
Grease is made up of both oil-based particles and water-soluble molecules meaning there are two different types of treatment needed to get rid of them properly. This means using an assortment of cleaning supplies such as absorbent cloths, detergents, rubbing alcohol or vinegar along with solvents like dry cleaning fluid and mineral spirits.
No matter what method you choose, always test any cleaning product on a hidden part of the garment first before applying it directly onto the stain so as not to damage the material further. With this knowledge, you’ll have a much easier time getting those pesky grease spots out of your favorite garments!
Types Of Grease Used In Clothing
Moving on from the definition of grease stains, it’s important to understand what types of greases are commonly used in clothing. Grease-based products can be found in a variety of items, including shoes, jackets, pants and even hats. Some common examples include petroleum jelly, beeswax, lanolin and animal fats.
Petroleum jelly is often used as a waterproofing agent for leather goods and outerwear garments like gloves or boots. It’s also commonly used to condition shoes and give them extra shine. Beeswax is another popular choice that adds an additional layer of protection against water damage while providing some degree of flexibility to fabrics. Additionally, it has moisturizing properties which help keep fabric fibers soft and supple.
Lanolin is derived from sheep’s wool grease and functions similarly to other waxes by creating an extra sealant against liquid absorption. Animal fats like tallow are generally blended with other ingredients such as vegetable oils to create a more durable finish than solely using fat alone would provide. These blends can be applied directly onto fabric surfaces in order to protect against moisture penetration without sacrificing breathability or comfort levels.
Grease stains can occur when these various forms of grease come into contact with clothing due to their oily composition; however there are certain techniques one can use to remove the stain effectively. The process may vary depending on the type of material being treated but typically involves pre-treating the stain followed by laundering with hot water and detergent.
Examination Of The Stain
The first step in removing a grease stain is to examine the fabric. The type of material determines what methods are safe to use. Some fabrics, such as wool or silk, may require special cleaning solutions that shouldn’t be used on other materials like cotton and linen. It’s also important to check for pre-existing stains before attempting to clean the grease as they can make it harder to remove.
Next, look at the size of the area affected by the stain. A larger spot will need more attention than a smaller one and could take longer to treat properly. For bigger areas, consider using specialized products designed to break down greasy residues so they can be washed away easier.
Once you’ve identified the fabric and assessed how large the stained area is, you’ll know which cleaning method would work best for your needs. If necessary, pretreat with laundry detergent or an appropriate solvent before laundering according to care label instructions. You may also want to try scrubbing gently with soap and warm water if applicable.
If these steps don’t get rid of all traces of oil or grease from clothing items, it might be time to call in professional help – either a dry cleaner or a carpet cleaner who specializes in stain removal services.
Pre-Treating The Grease Spot
The first step in removing grease stains from clothing is to pre-treat the spot. Before beginning, it’s important to check the care label on your garment for any instructions or warnings about cleaning and treating the fabric. If you’re not sure what method is best for a particular item of clothing, contact the manufacturer for advice before proceeding.
Begin by blotting up as much excess grease as possible using a paper towel or absorbent cloth. Do not scrub or rub at the stain; this can cause it to spread further into the fibers of the fabric. Once most of the greasy residue has been absorbed, apply a small amount of laundry detergent directly onto the affected area and gently massage it into the material with your fingertips. Allow it to sit on the stain for 15 minutes before laundering as normal.
If regular laundry detergent isn’t enough to remove stubborn grease spots, there are other options available such as specialized stain removers that may be more effective than traditional products. An enzyme-based cleaner works well on tricky fabrics like silk and wool and should be applied according to package directions prior to washing. For especially tough spots, try a paste made from equal parts baking soda and water and allow it to rest on top of the stain overnight before rinsing off with cold water in the morning.
These methods will help reduce or eliminate even difficult grease stains from clothing so they don’t set permanently into fabric fibers over time. With proper treatment and some patience, you’ll have your garments looking good as new!
Removing Grease From Delicate Fabrics
The safest way to remove grease from delicate fabrics is with a mild detergent and cool water. If the garment can be bleached, you can also use bleach in combination with the detergent for more effective results. It’s important to never use hot or warm water as it could cause irreversible damage to the fabric.
Before applying any cleaning solution, spot test an inconspicuous area of the clothing first. This will help you determine whether the item is colorfast and prevent discoloration of the fabric.
Once you have determined that your garment is safe to clean, begin by blotting up excess oil using a cloth or paper towel. You can then mix one tablespoon of mild detergent into two cups of cold water and soak the stained area for 15 minutes before rinsing out any remaining suds. Repeat this process until all visible traces of grease are gone.
If stubborn stains remain after regular washing, apply some rubbing alcohol directly onto them until they disappear completely. Remember not to scrub too hard when removing tough stains as this might cause further damage to the garment’s fibers. With these steps, you should be able to effectively get rid of grease marks on your delicate fabrics without causing any harm to them.
Removing Grease From Heavy Fabrics
Removing grease from heavy fabrics can be a tricky task, but there are a few methods that may help. First, it’s important to check the fabric label for care instructions and follow any special directions given there. If using a detergent with bleach is recommended, take caution when doing so as some bleaches can cause discoloration and damage to certain materials.
The next step is to pre-treat the stain by rubbing in a liquid laundry detergent or spray stain remover directly onto the stain before washing. Allow this to set into the fabric for at least 15 minutes before laundering. It’s also helpful to rub an old toothbrush over the area of the garment where the grease stain is located; this helps remove built up dirt and oils which could prevent proper absorption of treatments applied.
When ready to wash, select hot water if possible – heat helps break down oily residues faster than cold temperatures do. For best results, use a heavy duty detergent like Tide plus Ultra Stain Release or Persil ProClean Power-Liquid 2in1 along with ½ cup of white vinegar added during the rinse cycle for extra cleaning power. Be sure not to overload your washer as overcrowded load can make it difficult for items to move freely and get thoroughly cleaned during agitation.
Once your clothing has finished its cycle in the machine air dry when possible instead of placing them in the dryer since high heat settings can act as “setters” sealing stains right into material fibers permanently! If after all these efforts you still see remnants of greasy residue on clothes then spot treat again before drying and repeat until gone.
Solvent Cleaning For Tough Stains
Solvent cleaning is a great option for tough stains like grease. It’s an effective way to remove them from clothing without damaging the fabric itself. The first step in this process is to prepare a solvent-based solution of your choice, such as mineral spirits or paint thinner. You should always check the label on the container to ensure that it says “suitable for use on fabrics.” Next, apply the solution directly onto the stain with a clean cloth and allow it to sit for several minutes. Once you have done so, gently rub the stained area until all of the grease has been removed. Avoid using too much pressure while doing this as it could damage the garment’s fibers. Finally, rinse off any remaining residue by rinsing in cold water and then washing normally according to care instructions. If needed, repeat these steps one more time before drying and wearing your freshly cleaned piece of clothing.
Homemade Solutions For Grease Stains
Removing grease stains from clothing can be a tricky task. Fortunately, there are several homemade solutions to try that may help get the job done.
The first method is using dishwashing liquid or laundry detergent and warm water. Start by applying a few drops of either product directly to the stain before adding some warm water. Use an old toothbrush or cloth to gently rub the fabric and break up the grease molecules into smaller pieces. Once it’s been massaged in for a few minutes, rinse off with cold water before throwing it in the wash.
Another option is to use baking soda and white vinegar as a natural cleaning solution. Begin by sprinkling baking soda over top of the affected area until completely covered then pour on some white vinegar until bubbly and foamy. Let this sit for about 10 minutes before scrubbing away at it with a soft sponge or brush; repeat if necessary depending on how stubborn the stain is. Finally, rinse with cold water again and launder as usual afterwards.
Lastly, another popular DIY remedy for removing grease would be cornstarch or talcum powder mixed with rubbing alcohol (or even vodka). Sprinkle enough of your chosen ingredient onto the soiled area until fully saturated then let soak for 15-20 mins before blotting dry with paper towel or rag. Here’s what you’ll need:
- 1 part Cornstarch/Talcum Powder
- 2 parts Rubbing Alcohol/Vodka
Afterwards, machine-wash accordingly!
With these simple steps, you should now have everything needed to successfully remove those pesky greasy spots from your garments! So don’t stress out too much just yet – give one of these tried and true methods a go instead!
Washing Machine Treatments
Once the homemade solutions have been used to treat the grease stain, it’s important to give the clothing item a good wash. If possible, use hot water and add detergent along with one of the following items: baking soda, white vinegar or an oxygen-based bleach. To prevent further damage, put the garment in a mesh bag before placing it into the washer. After washing is complete, check for any remaining signs of grease stains.
If there are still traces of grease on fabric after washing by hand, try machine drying instead. Turn up the heat setting and leave it inside for fifteen minutes then remove promptly; this will help remove some residual grease from fabrics that can’t be washed at high temperatures safely. When machine dried, always make sure to check if all of the spots are gone before taking out from dryer as excessive heating may set them permanently onto fabric fibers.
After treating with homemade solutions and laundering properly, inspect each piece of clothing individually to ensure no trace remains. Depending upon how stubbornly embedded a stain may be in fabric fibers – it might take multiple treatments with different cleaning agents such as solvents or alkaline cleaners. With patience and perseverance you should eventually see success in removing greasy marks from garments completely!
Dry Cleaner Solutions
One of the most common ways to get grease out of clothing is taking it to a dry cleaner. Dry cleaners often use solvents and special cleaning agents that can dissolve oils, fats, and waxes. The process involves soaking clothes in hot water with detergent for several minutes before they are put into a solvent bath. This method is more effective than regular washing machines because it uses higher temperatures and stronger chemicals.
|More effective than hand-washing or machine-washing||Can be expensive|
|Solvent baths remove tough stains better than other methods||May damage delicate fabrics if not done correctly|
|Professional service available at many locations||Potentially hazardous chemicals used in the process|
The solvents used by professional dry cleaners vary depending on the type of stain and fabric being treated. As such, you should always read the instructions on your garment’s label before bringing it to a dry cleaner. You may also want to discuss any concerns about using certain solvents with your local dry cleaner prior to getting your items cleaned.
It’s important to remember that while dry cleaning might work wonders for tougher stains, there are some garments which cannot be cleaned this way due to their delicate nature. In these cases, spot treatments like mild soap solutions and baby wipes can help remove stubborn stains without damaging the material too much. Again, make sure to check all labels before attempting any kind of treatment like this one yourself!
Dry cleaning services offer an efficient solution for those who need their greasy clothes back in shape quickly. Despite its advantages though, caution must be taken when considering this method since improper usage could cause significant damage to certain materials. With information from the product label as well as advice from professionals, anyone looking for an easy solution will have no problem making sure their clothes look good again without causing further damage!
Ironing Out The Stain
Moving on from dry cleaner solutions, another effective way to get grease out of clothing is by using an iron. This method can be used if the fabric is heat-resistant and not too delicate. To begin with, lay a thin cloth or paper towel over the stained area and press it down with a hot iron for 30 seconds. Then, take out the cloth and repeat this step until no more stain remains visible.
The second part of this process involves removing any remaining grease residue that may still be left in the fabric. You will need some dishwashing liquid and warm water for this step. Start by mixing a little bit of detergent into the clean water and dip your garment in it for 15 minutes. Afterwards, rinse off the soap with cold water before pressing down again with an iron one last time. If you find that there are still traces of grease left on your clothes after all these steps, then you should consider taking them to a professional dry cleaner to finish the job properly.
Finally, once you have successfully removed the stain from your clothing item, make sure that you do not wear it while cooking so as to avoid getting greasy stains on it again! Additionally, try wearing protective aprons whenever possible when handling food items at home or outside in order to keep your garments clean and free from oil spots. By following these simple tips, you can easily prevent future instances of grease staining on your favorite articles of clothing – saving yourself lots of hassle in the long run!
Dealing With Stubborn Stains
When dealing with stubborn grease stains on clothing, you may need to take a few extra steps. Start by blotting the stain as much as possible with a paper towel or clean cloth before laundering. You can also try pretreating the area with a laundry detergent that contains enzymes and letting it sit for 15 minutes. This will help break down any oils in the stain.
For tough set-in stains, rub some liquid dish soap into the fabric then launder according to care instructions. Liquid dish soaps are great at cutting through greasy residue and they won’t damage delicate fabrics like bleach does. Avoid using hot water; instead use warm or cold water when treating grease stains on clothes. Hot water will cause oil-based substances to penetrate further into the fibers of your garment making them harder to remove later on.
To tackle really difficult marks, make a mixture of equal parts white vinegar and baking soda and apply it directly onto the stained area with an old toothbrush or sponge. The combination helps pull out oil based stains while still being gentle enough not to damage most types of fabrics. When finished scrubbing, rinse off the solution thoroughly before washing normally in cold water.
If all else fails, contact your local dry cleaner who may be able to professionally treat these kinds of deep set-in stains without damaging your clothing item beyond repair. Taking precautionary measures early can help prevent long-term staining from occurring in the first place – always read and follow care labels carefully!
Preventing Future Stains
The best way to prevent grease stains from ruining clothing is by taking precautions. Avoiding wearing clothes that can easily stain when cooking or working with oils and greases is a good start. Wearing an apron, long-sleeved shirt, or other protective garment helps keep the material off of your clothing and away from any potential spillage. Additionally, apply some type of barrier between the fabric and the oil or grease before you begin working with it. This could be in the form of a piece of wax paper, plastic wrap, newspaper, etc.
If you do end up getting grease on your clothing despite these precautions, act quickly! The longer the grease sits, the harder it will be to remove later on. Use a damp cloth to dab at as much of the excess fat as possible. It’s important not to rub too hard; this may spread the stain further across your garment. If necessary repeat the blotting process until all visible traces have disappeared.
Once finished removing excess grease from clothing wash as soon as possible according to care instructions for each item. For heavily soiled items pre-treat them using laundry detergent and water before running through a full cycle in your washing machine – this should help reduce staining even more effectively than handwashing alone would achieve. Lastly, if available use hot water instead of cold – heat works wonders against tough oily stains like these!
Repurposing And Repairing Damaged Clothing Items
Now that we’ve discussed how to prevent stains and get out grease, let’s talk about repurposing and repairing damaged clothing items. It is possible to extend the life of your favorite pieces of clothing with some creative solutions. Here are a few ideas:
- Transform an old shirt into a pillow or quilt.
- Turn jeans into shorts or cut-off pants for summer wear.
- Create fabric art from scrap pieces for wall hangings and decorations.
- Patch holes in sweaters, shirts, and skirts using needle and thread or iron-on patches.
- Mend ripped seams on sleeves, hemlines, waistbands, etc. with matching thread color.
- Replace missing buttons by hand sewing exact replacements onto garments.
With these tips in mind, you can easily save money while extending the longevity of your wardrobe! By taking care of stained and otherwise damaged clothes, you can have lasting fashion at fractional costs. And don’t forget that you’re doing your part for the environment too; less trash means more sustainability!
Professional Restoration Services
If the grease stains are still visible after attempting at-home methods, professional restoration services may be necessary. Professional dry cleaners specialize in removing tough stains and odors from clothing. It’s important to make sure the cleaner is experienced with oil and grease removal before taking garments there for treatment. Many times, if the garment has been exposed to heat or machine wash cycles, it can actually set the stain permanently into the fabric.
In addition to traditional dry cleaning services, some companies offer specialized deep clean treatments that use a combination of detergents, solvents, and enzymes to break down oils and remove them from fabrics safely and effectively. This method also helps restore items that have lost their color due to exposure to oil or grease. The process involves soaking the item overnight in a special solution designed specifically for this purpose. Afterward, they will launder and press the garment back to its original condition.
For more difficult cases where other methods don’t work, ultrasonic technology may be employed by highly trained technicians who can target specific spots on an item using sound waves without damaging any delicate material such as silk or wool. Ultrasound machines also help prevent cross contamination between garments since no water needs to come into contact with them during cleaning.
No matter how bad the stain seems, professional restoration services may be able to save your favorite piece of clothing from permanent damage caused by greasy spills and splatters. With patience and diligence you can get those stubborn marks out quickly so you can enjoy wearing your clothes again!
Frequently Asked Questions
How Long Should I Soak A Garment In The Pre-Treatment Solution?
When it comes to removing grease stains from clothing, one of the most important steps is pre-treatment. This involves soaking the garment in a special solution and letting it soak for an appropriate amount of time. But how long should you let your clothes sit in this pre-treatment solution?
The answer depends on several factors such as the type of fabric, the age and size of the stain, and other variables related to the cleaning process. For example, if you’re dealing with a particularly stubborn or old stain, then you may need to let your garments soak in the pre-treatment solution for up to 30 minutes. On the other hand, when dealing with smaller or fresher stains that are not too difficult to remove, 10 minutes is usually enough.
It’s also important to note that different fabrics require different amounts of time in order to thoroughly clean them. Delicate items like silk or lace will typically require less time than heavier fabrics like denim or canvas because they can easily become damaged by harsh chemicals or strong agitation. Additionally, some fabrics may require more time depending on their color; dark colors tend to take longer since they have more dye molecules that must be broken down by the cleaning agent before they can be lifted off the surface.
In sum, there is no single answer when it comes to how long you should allow a garment to soak in a pre-treatment solution prior to washing. The best course of action is always to read any care instructions provided by manufacturers and test out small areas first before attempting full treatments. That way you can adjust your approach accordingly based on what works best for each particular item of clothing.
Are There Any Health Risks Associated With Using Solvents To Clean Grease Stains?
When it comes to cleaning grease stains, many people turn to solvents as a way of removing the stubborn spots. But are there any health risks associated with using these chemicals? This article takes an in-depth look at this question and provides some useful information for those trying to make informed decisions about how best to tackle their greasy messes.
First off, it’s important to understand what kinds of solvents can be used when dealing with grease stains. Common choices include mineral spirits, acetone, alcohols, turpentine and dry cleaning fluids. Each has its own strengths and weaknesses depending on the type of stain being cleaned up. For example, mineral spirits are generally considered safe for most fabrics while acetone is more effective on oil-based substances like petroleum jelly or motor oil.
The next step is determining whether or not these solvents pose any potential health risks if used improperly. In general, most solvents do have some toxicity levels that should be taken into consideration before use. The fumes from certain types may also cause respiratory irritation if inhaled in large amounts over long periods of time. It’s therefore recommended that anyone working with them wear protective gear such as gloves and masks when necessary – particularly if they’re going to be exposed to high concentrations of solvent vapors for extended periods.
Finally, it’s essential for users of solvents to follow all safety protocols provided by the manufacturer and take extra precautions whenever possible. If you feel uncomfortable handling them yourself then enlisting professional help would be wise instead – especially since improper usage could result in serious injury or even death due to contact with hazardous materials such as flammable liquids or highly corrosive acids contained within some solvents. All in all though, taking the right steps will ensure that your attempt at getting rid of tough grease stains doesn’t come with any unwanted side effects!
Is It Safe To Use A Washing Machine To Treat A Grease Stain?
When dealing with a tough grease stain, it can be tempting to throw the item in the washing machine and hope for the best. But is it safe? The answer depends on several factors.
The fabric type of your clothing will affect how you should go about treating a grease stain. Natural fibers such as cotton or linen are more likely to respond well to being washed on a warm cycle with detergent than synthetic fabrics like nylon, polyester or acrylic which may shrink or fade if exposed to too much heat. Additionally, make sure that any product used is designed for use in the washer and won’t damage the garment.
It’s also important to note how long ago the stain occurred and what kind of grease it is made up of – some greases can permanently bond with fabrics when left untreated for too long and become impossible to remove without damaging the fabric itself. If this is the case then hand-washing with a mild soap solution would be safer than using a washing machine.
Whether you choose to wash by hand or in a machine, pre-treating stains first is always advisable; blotting away excess liquid before applying solvents or rubbing alcohol helps prevent further staining whilst allowing any remaining oil particles time to lift from the fabric. To minimize risk of fading colors, try choosing cold water settings over hot ones as an added precautionary measure – although keep in mind that hot water will usually do better job at getting rid of deep set oils and grime so take care not to compromise on efficacy either!
Are There Any Safety Measures I Should Take When Using A Dry Cleaner?
When it comes to the question of whether or not there are any safety measures that need to be taken when using a dry cleaner for grease stains, the answer is yes. Dry cleaning has been around since the early 19th century and it’s an effective way of removing a wide range of stubborn stains from clothing. However, as with most things, there are some important safety considerations you should bear in mind before attempting this method.
Firstly, many dry cleaners use chemicals which can be dangerous if handled incorrectly so it’s essential that you read all instructions carefully before beginning the process. You also need to make sure that you wear protective clothing such as gloves whenever handling these chemicals. Additionally, check your clothes’ care labels – some items cannot withstand certain chemical treatments, so take extra precautions when dealing with delicate fabrics like silk and wool.
Secondly, although professional dry cleaning is usually considered safe and reliable, be aware that sometimes mistakes can occur during the washing cycle due to incorrect temperatures being used or over-drying taking place. To reduce the risk of this happening, choose a reputable company with experienced staff who will handle your garments with care and attention. If possible ask friends or family members for recommendations on trustworthy local operators they have used previously.
Finally, ensure that you discuss exactly what needs to be done with the shop assistant prior to handing over your clothes – letting them know about any special requirements up front will help avoid potential problems further down the line. It’s also wise to explain why you require their services (grease stain) and let them know what type of fabric they’ll be dealing with – this allows them to accurately assess how best to tackle the problem at hand while minimizing risks associated with treatment processes. With these precautionary steps in place you should expect excellent results from your chosen dry cleaner!
What Is The Best Way To Prevent Future Grease Stains?
When it comes to preventing grease stains on clothing, taking the right precautions can save you a lot of time and hassle. It’s important to remember that some materials are more likely than others to absorb oil or grease, so take special care when handling them. Additionally, there are steps you can take before and after wearings your clothes in order to minimize future incidents.
The first step is to choose garments made from fabrics that repel grease. Natural fibers such as wool and cotton tend to be less vulnerable than synthetic ones like polyester or nylon. You should also look for items with tight weaves or heavier textures since they help prevent substances from seeping through the fabric. When selecting clothes for oily environments, consider garments with waterproof coatings or finishes designed specifically for this purpose.
It’s also wise to use protective sprays on new garments. These products create an invisible barrier between the material and any potential contaminants, helping keep oils out while still allowing the garment to breathe naturally. After each wearing, make sure to inspect all areas of the item for signs of grease build-up before laundering – if necessary, spot-clean those spots using a mild detergent or degreaser prior to washing in order to avoid further staining.
Finally, knowing how much heat certain fabrics can tolerate will go a long way towards keeping them clean and free from grease marks; many natural fibers cannot withstand high temperatures without shrinking or losing their shape permanently – therefore always refer to manufacturer instructions carefully before laundering items at home!
No one likes getting grease stains on their clothing, but it is inevitable. Fortunately, there are a few steps you can take to get rid of them safely and effectively. Soaking the garment in pre-treatment solution for several hours before washing helps remove stubborn grease stains. You should also consider taking any items with oil or grease stains to a professional dry cleaner who can treat them without causing damage. If using solvents at home, make sure you do so carefully, as they may present health risks if not used correctly.
Finally, preventing future grease stains is the best way to keep your clothes looking fresh and new. Once you’ve finished cleaning a stain off an item of clothing, immediately apply a protective coat of spray or liquid laundry detergent with enzymes that will help break down greasy residue when exposed to water during laundering. This will reduce the chances of further staining occurring when worn again.
By following these simple tips and advice, you’ll be able to tackle those pesky grease marks quickly and easily – leaving your garments looking like brand-new!